it is normal for bills to be debated in the upper and lower house of the congress, but the trial that the noli-fili/rizal bill underwent was beyond normal. with the sponsors of the bill and the opposition not only coming from the people inside of the legislative arm but also the inclusion of the catholic church in the debates for this bill.
when the bill was brought to the senate by senator recto, there were but three who opposed it. it was when senator laurel sponsored the bill as the head of committee education that the exchange of arguments from the two sides started. the church played a big role in this fight because they are the ones who intervened with the approval and signing of this bill into a law.