Skimming is reading rapidly in order to get a general overview of the material. Scanning is reading rapidly in order to find specific facts. While skimming tells you what general information is within a section, scanning helps you locate a particular fact. Skimming is like snorkeling, and scanning is more like pearl diving.
The answer is C. Drawing Conclusion. Using prediction in understanding a text is a way of applying the reading technique called "Drawing Conclusion". In drawing a conclusion, a reader derives a meaning from information that is not directly stated. This information is inferred or implied, wherein it is not explicitly stated in a material.Drawing a Conclusion In drawing a conclusion, a reader gets a meaning from information that is not directly stated in a material. A reader usually infers so that he/she thinks of a deeper meaning of something that is not explicitly stated. Explanation for the Given Choices Skimming - When a reader skims, he/she reads quickly to get the general overview of a material. Scanning - When a reader scans, he/she goes through a material quickly to get specific information or facts. Drawing Conclusion - When a reader draws a conclusion, he/she infers so that he/she can go beyond the surface of a given material. Critical Reading - When a reader does critical reading, he/she examines a material deeply using supporting ideas, arguments, examples, etc.
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What are the differences between scanning and skimming?
When you are quickly reading a travel brochure, you are skimming it. To skim means to look over or read something quickly and just get the main ideas. It also means to read, study, or examine superficially without thorough analysis and without spending much time.
With the given choices, let us differentiate the terms from one another:Skimming and Scanning Skimming and Drawing conclusion Skimming and Critical Reading Scanning
To scan means to look over or read something carefully, usually in order to find something. It takes longer time than skimming but is faster than critical reading
Read more about skimming and scanning:Drawing Conclusion
To draw conclusion means information or data that is only implied. This definition is far from skimming.
Read more about Drawing Conclusions here:
Critical Reading involves thorough investigation and reading of an article. It also involves examination and evaluation of the issue. This process takes the longest time as it aims to cover all aspects of an issue.
Know the different strategies of critical thinking:Samples situations of skimming When you are in a shop trying to buy a book, you skim parts of the book to assess the story line .You are skimming a newspaper when you just want to know the banner story of the day .You are skimming a magazine if you are trying to decide which article would you like to read thoroughly .
skimming means to read a page or handout - skip read - by reading the headings and first sentences of each paragraph or section. it usually takes three forms: preview, overview and review. see skimming for more.
scanning differs from skimming in that you do not deal with all of the content, but search through the material for a specific purpose or a specific word (or its synonym):
finding the answer to a question
seeking an appropriate quotation reference or statement
locating names in a directory, words in a dictionary, prices in a catalogue, etc.
when you scan, you cover only as much of the content as is necessary to accomplish your purpose. see scanning for more.