1. subjects and verbs must agree in number. this is the cornerstone rule that forms the background of the concept.
the dog growls when he is angry.
the dogs growl when they are angry.
2. subordinate clauses that come between the subject and verb don't affect their agreement.
the dog, who is chewing on my jeans, is usually very good.
3. prepositional phrases between the subject and verb usually do not affect agreement.
the colors of the rainbow are beautiful.
4. when sentences start with "there" or "here," the subject will always be placed after the verb. some care needs to be taken to identify each part correctly.
there is a problem with the balance sheet.
here are the papers you requested.
5. subjects don't always come before verbs in questions. make sure you accurately identify the subject before deciding on the proper verb form to use.
where are the pieces of this puzzle?
6. if two subjects are joined by "and," they typically require a plural verb form.
the cow and the pig are jumping over the moon.
7. the verb is singular if the two subjects separated by "and" refer to the same person or thing as a whole.
red beans and rice is my mom's favorite dish.
8. if one of the words "each," "every," or "no" comes before the subject, the verb is singular.
no smoking or drinking is allowed.
every man and woman is required to check in.
9. if the subjects are both singular and are connected by the words "or," "nor," "neither/nor," "either/or," or "not only/but also," the verb is singular.
either jessica or christian is to blame for the accident.
10. the only time the object of the preposition decides plural or singular verb forms is when noun and pronoun subjects like "some," "half," "none," "more," or "all" are followed by a prepositional phrase. then the object of the preposition determines the form of the verb.
all of the chicken is gone.
all of the chickens are gone.
11. the singular verb form is usually reserved for units of measurement or time.
four quarts of oil was required to get the car running.
12. if the subjects are both plural and are connected by the words "or," "nor," "neither/nor," "either/or," or "not only/but also," the verb is plural.
not only dogs but also cats are available at the animal shelter.
13. if one subject is singular and the other is plural, and the words are connected by the words "or," "nor," "neither/nor," "either/or," or "not only/but also," use the verb form of the subject that is nearest the verb.
either the bears or the lion has escaped from the zoo.
neither the lion nor the bears have escaped from the zoo.
14. in pronouns typically take singular verbs (with some exceptions).
everybody wants to be loved.
15. the exceptions to the above rule include the pronouns "few," "many," "several," "both," "all," and "some." these always take the plural form.
few were left alive after the flood.
maraming araw dahil hindi basta basta makakagawa ng compost pit sa isang araw lamang,dahil dapat planado ito dapat hindi naaabot ng baha .