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More commonly referred to as "diabetes" - it is a chronic disease associated with abnormally high levels of the sugar glucose in the blood. Inadequate sensitivity of cells to the action of insulin, also Inadequate production of insulin (which is made by the pancreas and lowers blood glucose).
The blood sugar level is lowered when sugar leaves the bloodstream and enters the cells. Too much sugar in the blood is called "hyperglycemia" (high blood sugar). It causes sugar to rise - Without insulin, or the "key," sugar cannot get into the body's cells for use as energy.
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes can begin rapidly, in only weeks. Side effects of sort 2 diabetes regularly grow gradually—through the span of quite a while—and can be mellow to such an extent that you probably won't see them. Numerous individuals with Type 2 diabetes have no side effects. A few people don't discover they have the infection until they have diabetes-related medical issues, for example, obscured vision or heart inconvenience.
Type 1 diabetes mellitus happens when the can't deliver insulin which is expected to control blood glucose levels. It also happens when your resistant framework, the body's framework for battling disease, assaults and obliterates the insulin-creating beta cells of the pancreas. Researchers think type 1 diabetes is brought about by qualities and natural variables, for example, infections, that may trigger the malady.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus, which is significantly more typical, happens when the body can not create enough insulin or the insulin isn't working efficiently enough. You are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you are not physically active and are overweight or obese. Extra weight sometimes causes insulin resistance and is common in people with type 2 diabetes. The location of body fat also makes a difference. Extra belly fat is linked to insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, and heart and blood vessel disease. To see if your weight puts you at risk for type 2 diabetes, check out these Body Mass Index (BMI) charts.